Also referred to periodontology, periodontics is a special subcategory of dentistry that deals with the supporting structures of teeth, most notably the gums and mouth bones. Today, periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is one of the most common oral health issues, affecting millions of people.
Gum disease is marked by an inflammation of the gums. This condition is caused when the gums become irritated by toxins that are released from harmful bacteria and plaque. As gum disease continues to develop, the gums will begin to pull away from the teeth. This establishes empty spaces known as periodontal pockets. These pockets become home to large amounts of tartar, bacteria and plaque. If gum disease is left untreated, it will spread to the jawbone and the connective tissues of teeth, eventually resulting in tooth loss.
At Grandridge Dental, we recognize the seriousness of gum disease, and we strongly encourage patients to seek treatment as soon as possible. Our practice offers many treatment options that are designed to stop the spread of gum disease and restore the appearance and health of the teeth and gums.
Periodontal laser treatments utilize a special dental laser that is designed to access and remove any swollen gum tissue that is present around the root of a tooth. Once the inflamed tissue has been removed, excess plaque is scraped away, and future infections are prevented by smoothing out any rough spots that are present. During the healing process, the gum line will begin to regenerate and eventually reattach itself to the teeth. Laser treatment is often preferred by patients because of its reduced pain and shorter recovery time over other methods of treatment.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment method that works to eliminate plaque, tartar and toxins that have accumulated above and below the gum line. The scaling process involves removing plaque from the surface of the teeth and upon the root surfaces. Next, root planing is conducted to smooth out of the rough areas present on the root surfaces, so the healing process can begin.
Regenerative procedures are used when gum disease has reached a level in which the jawbone and the connective tissues of teeth have already experienced damage. These treatments consist of folding back the gum tissue and removing any dangerous bacteria and toxins that are present. Once clean, artificial bone grafts and special proteins are applied to the damaged jawbone to try to reverse as much of the decay as possible. The process stimulates bone growth to initiate the healing process. Depending upon the severity of the damage, it may take several months before the jawbone can be fully healed.
If you suspect that you may be suffering from gum disease, please call us at (509) 737-1800 as soon as possible to schedule an appointment.